Chlamydia can almost always be treated with antibiotics; 95% of people will be cured if they take their antibiotics properly. Patients may be started on antibiotics once they get their test results, but if it is highly likely that they have chlamydia, they may be started on antibiotics before their results are confirmed. The two most common antibiotics prescribed for chlamydia are azithromycin and doxycycline, doctors may prescribe a different antibiotic if a patient is allergic to the medication or if they are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Sex should be avoided for at least a week after starting treatment, or until treatment has finished (usually a maximum of 10 days). This is to avoid re-transmission of the infection between the patient and partner(s).
If tested positive for chlamydia, it is important that current and past partners (during the last six months) of the patient get tested (and treated) as well.