Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the world, with 131 million new people becoming infected each year. Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and can infect the genitals, rectum, eyes and throat. Most people who are infected don’t show any symptoms, which means it is easy to for the infection to pass between sexual partners without them knowing. People often don’t experience symptoms, but if left untreated, chlamydia can cause complications like pelvic inflammatory disease, epididymo-orchitis (inflammation of the testicles) and infertility. Fortunately, chlamydia is easily treated and usually only requires one course of antibiotics to cure.Read more...
Genital herpes is a common viral infection with the herpes simplex virus that causes painful blisters on the genitals and surrounding areas. The infection is spread by intimate contact and can affect any part of the body with mucous membranes, such as the mouth. Genital herpes can only be diagnosed when there are symptoms, so it is important to get tested right away. Genital herpes is a chronic (long-term) condition but there are treatments available to reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks. The initial symptoms of herpes infection are:
small blisters that burst to leave red, open sores around your genitals, thighs and buttocks
blisters and ulcers on the cervix (lower part of the womb) in women
vaginal discharge in women
pain when you pass urine
a general feeling of being unwell, with aches, pains and flu-like symptoms
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae and can infect the genitals, urethra, rectum, eyes and throat. Many people do not exhibit symptoms, which makes it easy for partners to unknowingly pass on the infection. After chlamydia, gonorrhoea is one of the most common STIs, with an estimated 78 million new cases each year worldwide. Gonorrhoea can usually be treated and cured with antibiotics, but if left untreated, it can cause serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or even infertility. Symptoms of gonorrhoea can include:
Greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the vagina or penis
Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that is spread through contact with blood-to-blood contact. Most people do not develop symptoms while they have an acute infection, or when it progresses to a chronic infection. Symptoms often only present only after there has been serious liver damage. Therefore, many people do not know they have Hepatitis C, increasing the risk of spreading the disease and allowing to progress to the extent that it causes cirrhosis (liver damage).Symptoms of hepatitis C include:
flu-like symptoms, including tiredness, a fever, and general aches and pains
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV impairs the immune system’s ability to fight infections. It is most commonly caught by having unprotected sex (sex without a condom). There is no cure for HIV but there are treatments that can allow those infected with the virus to live long, healthy lives. It’s estimated that up to 80% of people who are infected with HIV experience seroconversion illness, which are the flu-like symptoms that occur a few weeks after infection.
Syphilis is a bacterial infection that is usually transmitted through sexual contact. The infection is spread by close contact with an infected sore. These sores can occur in places that are difficult to see which makes it difficult to know when someone has been infected and makes transmission much easier. The only guaranteed way to know if someone has syphilis is to get tested. The symptoms of syphilis aren’t always obvious and they may eventually disappear, but the infection is still present and must be treated as soon as possible. Syphilis can usually be treated and cured with antibiotics, but if left untreated, it can spread to the brain and other parts of the body and cause serious complications. Symptoms of syphilis usually present in three stages (primary, secondary and tertiary). Early (primary) symptoms of syphilis can include:
Small painless sore or ulcer (called a chancre)
May appear on the vagina, penis or anus, although sometimes they appear on the mouth, lips, fingers or buttocks
Most people only have one sore, but some people have several